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Governance by Social Reformation and Lifestyle Transformation

Governance by Social Reformation and Lifestyle Transformation

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Map:Governance by Social Reformation and Lifestyle Transformation
The Indigenous Policies were based on the concepts of subjugation and civilization, and thus “Indigenous Children Schools” were established in the mountain areas to promote the use of Japanese, improve public health and end old customs, such as the use of facial tattoos and tooth extraction as signs of tribal membership. These policies caused the indigenous people to gradually shift away from their original way of life, and so the new generation of indigenous elites were caught between modernity and tradition, while their relationship with the colonizers also changed. After the Wushe Incident, the lifestyles seen in indigenous villages changed due to more active intervention from the Office of the Governor-General. Shrines appeared in the villages and women began wearing kimonos, while people started living in wooden houses and engaging in paddy field cultivation, and the Japanese head of the household system was implemented to replace the traditional chieftains, whose importance gradually diminished. It thus clear that after the Wushe Incident the Office of the Governor-General tried to completely transform the indigenous people’s lives, to make them better subjects of the Empire.

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