Frontier Society

Frontier Society

Map:Frontier Society
In order to prevent Han Chinese people from trespassing into (uncivilized) indigenous territory and clashing with the local people, the Qing Dynasty established “ailiaos” throughout the mountain in the 18th century, and plain indigenous people(Pingpu) (seen as civilized) were in charge of guarding these. After the Lin Shuang-Wen Incident, the Qing Dynasty permitted wealthy households to act as Ken hu and enter the mountains to establish fortifications using income derived from land reclamation. This combination of armed force and land cultivation became a feature of the development of the mountainous areas in the 19th century.

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