Rise of Taiwan
Starting from the 16th century, Penghu and Taiwan Strait were active fishing grounds for Han Chinese fishermen. Furthermore, due to the inconsistent trade policies of the Chinese Government, Han Chinese and Japanese merchants were forced to conduct their trade in Taiwan, which also involved trading with the indigenous population on the island. After the 16th century, European sea powers arrived in Asia in quick succession, seeking trade opportunities with countries such as China and Japan. In the 17th century, the Netherlands and Spanish also used Taiwan as a stronghold as they developed their trade links in East Asian waters.