The Dutch in Taiwan
After the Dutch came to East Asia, they first failed to occupy Macau and Penghu, and thus turned their attention to the main island of Taiwan. The year 1624 marks the start of their 38 years of rule. Despite resistance from the indigenous population in the initial stages, as well as attacks from pirates and conflicts with Japanese merchants, the Dutch, gradually established their authority and began to benefit from the lucrative trade they carried out in Taiwan. In 1662, when the Dutch were successfully driven out of Taiwan by Zheng Cheng-gong, they then attempted to return to northern Taiwan and retake the island in collaboration with the Qing Dynasty, but to no avail.