Conflicts between the Dutch and Spanish
The standoff between the Dutch and Spanish extended to the East Asian waters from Europe along the Great Voyage route. In order to disrupt Spanish and Portuguese trade with China and Japan, the Dutch established a stronghold in southern Taiwan in 1624. Two years later the Spanish occupied Keelung and Tamsui in northern Taiwan to counter the Dutch, and thus Taiwan became the meeting place of two major European powers. During this period, the Netherlands and Spain made plans to dispatch troops to strike each other, but neither of them took action due to poor weather conditions. Finally, in 1642, the Dutch finally sent troops to defeat the Spanish, in turn expanding their powers form southern to northern Taiwan. In addition to trade, missionary work was also an important task for Europeans in East Asia, with Dutch Protestant and Spanish Catholic missionaries arriving in Tainan, Keelung and Tamsui. The missionaries focused on the indigenous population, and their efforts only ended when they were forced to leave the island.