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Irrigation Canals and Paddy Fields

Irrigation Canals and Paddy Fields

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Map:Irrigation Canals and Paddy Fields
Prior to the Qing Dynasty, Han Chinese migrants to Taiwan had already introduced seed rice and cultivation technologies, while the indigenous people also had crop planting traditions of their own. However, hydraulic facilities in Taiwan were not very sophisticated during the early Qing Dynasty, and therefore rice production was limited and cane sugar remained the main export product. After the 18th century, due to the increase in demand for rice from southern China, the government lifted controls over rice production and encouraged Taiwanese farmers to cultivate the crop. Meanwhile, wealthy families also invested in building large scale hydraulic infrastructure and paddy fields to increase the plantation area and production stability, in turn shaping the crop farming oriented society that developed in Taiwan during the Qing Dynasty.

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