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Chinese Land Reclamation in the 17th Century

Chinese Land Reclamation in the 17th Century

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Map:Chinese Land Reclamation in the 17th Century
After several years of colonial rule in Taiwan, the Dutch actively encouraged Han Chinese people to reclaim land on the island, and thus many Han Chinese immigrated here.A vast expanse of land was reclaimed in this way, mostly around modern day Tainan. Han Chinese immigrants generated a great deal of wealth for the Dutch, but by the 1650s, due to a slump in the cane sugar industry along with the Dutch's exorbitant taxes, the Han Chinese gradually became disgruntled, and this lead to an armed rebellion in 1652, also known as the Guo Huai-Yi Incident. Likewise, there were already Han Chinese and Japanese settlers in northern Taiwan before the Spanish occupation. However, the arrival of the Spanish attracted more sangleys - the Spanish word for Han Chinese people - to join in the exploitation of this area.

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