Han-Indigene Land Boundary Stele

Han-Indigene Land Boundary Stele

Map:Han-Indigene Land Boundary Stele
In the Qing Dynasty, in order to prevent conflicts between the Han Chinese and indigenous people from causing social unrest, the government marked out a geographical boundary, called “tuniu” or “tuniugou”, between the two groups during late Kangxi regime. This boundary was marked by natural features, such as rivers, when possible, as well as by digging “tuniugou” and building “tuniudui” using the excavated earth. The government also established landmarks such as “indigenous land survey boundary steles” to demarcate the boundary between the groups.
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