Agricultural Development and Land Reform
When the ROC government relocated to Taiwan, it brought more than a million military personnel, school workers and government employees. This sudden increase in population resulted in many shortages. The government thus launched a series of land reform programs to enhance agricultural production. To stabilize the supply of food, programs were enacted to collect crops as payment for land tax and to exchange crops for fertilizer. From the 1950s onwards, operating under the guidance of economic bureaucrats, the government used the limited resources gained from agricultural exports and US aid to develop various industries, thus establishing the basis for Taiwan’s subsequent industrial development.