Resource and Manpower Mobilization
As the war intensified between Japan and China, Japan passed the National Mobilization Law in 1938 (Year 13 of the Showa regime). In this, the Office of the Governor-General increased the production of rice, minerals and industrial goods, while also expropriating metal articles from the public to be made into military supplies. In addition to routine taxation, new taxes were levied to increase income. People were also encouraged to save money in order to fund the war effort, while public bonds were also issued to achieve this, revealing Taiwan's strategic value as an “unsinkable aircraft carrier”. On October 19, 1943 (Year 16 of the Showa regime), the Office of the Governor-General promulgated the “Taiwan Final Engagement Regime Reinforcement Program” to mobilize civilians to join the armaments labor force. Mobilization of civilians was often carried out in the name of public service, and the Japanese referred to this as the “Kominka Movement”. There were Kominka movement groups throughout Taiwan, and local elites were often mobilized as cadres to organize the general public. During the war, many people shared the common memory of “fulfilling public duties” in service of the Japanese Empower.