The Ice Age caused the sea level to drop, and many animals were thus able to walk to Taiwan from the East Asian continent. As the sea level rose with the melting of the ice, it created the sea routes that eventually enabled the Dutch and Spanish to come to Taiwan on sailboats in the 17th century, in turn introducing new perspectives on the island. Through maps from this time and models of boats, we will be able to travel through the vast sea of history and see Taiwan’s position in the world. In addition, we can also observe the interactions between exotic cultures during this period, as well as how the island of Taiwan managed to makes its path to the world by taking advantage of its marine resources. The complex terrain of Taiwan, comprising mountains and rivers, is imprinted in history in the form of maps, sketches and books, produced to aid colonization, trade, or missionary work. These give details of the difficulties faced when travelling on the island prior to the 20th century. Nowadays, with the use of railroads, highways, and planes, it is possible to travel to and from Taipei and Kaohsiung in one day. The driving forces propelling Taiwan forward in the river of history are sails in the tall wind, hard-working people and relentlessly turning wheels.