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Folk Beliefs

Folk Beliefs

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Map:Folk Beliefs
Confronted with unfamiliar environments and uncertain futures, immigrants who came to Taiwan during the early period relied on religion for emotional comfort. When the Han Chinese immigrants sailed to Taiwan they often brought the deities they worshiped in their hometowns with them, and each ethnic group usually had a specific deity. For instance, the Sanshan Guowang was worshiped by the Hakka people. There were also some beliefs that people of different ethnicities and regions shared, with perhaps the most famous being Mazu and Wangye. After arriving in Taiwan, the Han Chinese people frequently fell victim to natural disasters, manmade calamities or diseases, and thus it was customary to hold “pudu” during the seventh month of the Chinese lunar calendar to console the spirits of those who had perished. This custom reflects the migrants' fears with regard to disasters and diseases, as well as their simple intention to comfort the ghosts of the deceased. Besides offering spiritual peace for the worshippers, folk religion and related activities, such as the attending of temples and sacrificial ritual circles, also helped to strengthen social cohesion.

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