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Indigenes and a Modern Nation-State

Indigenes and a Modern Nation-State

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Map:Indigenes and a Modern Nation-State
Ever since the Qing Dynasty, with the exception of the “civilized” Plain indigenous people(Pingpu), who interacted more frequently with the government, most indigenous groups had little contact with the government until the policy of “Developing the Mountain and Pacifying the Indigenous Population” was implemented, toward the end of the Qing Dynasty. After the Japanese colonized Taiwan, the Office of the Governor-General sent officials to enter indigenous villages, using force if needed. On the one hand, anthropological techniques were used to gather knowledge from these communities, and on the other a police system was introduced to control the tribal people. This omnipresent police force symbolized the omnipotence of Japanese authority. After their first total encounter with a modern nation, the indigenous population began to change, either willingly or reluctantly. For example, some members of the elite accepted modern education, and this gradually shaped their sense of self-identity.

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